FILE PHOTO: Lagosā Makoko kopienas piesārņotajā ūdenī peld zēns

Reuters

Reuters

Pollution killing 9 million people a year, Africa hardest hit – study

By Gloria Dickie – 5h agoSekot

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© Reuters/TEMILADE ADELAJA

Autors: Gloria Dickie

(Reuters) – Pastiprinoties āra gaisa piesārņojumam un saindēšanās ar toksisku svinu, kopš 2015. gada ir samazinājies vides piesārņojuma izraisīto nāves gadījumu skaits pasaulē aptuveni 9 miljoni gadā , apkarojot pieticīgu progresu, kas panākts cīņā pret piesārņojumu citur, otrdien ziņoja zinātnieku komanda.

Rūpniecības procesu radītais gaisa piesārņojums kopā ar urbanizāciju no 2015. līdz 2019. gadam par 7% palielināja ar piesārņojumu saistīto nāves gadījumu skaitu, liecina zinātnieku veiktā globālās mirstības un piesārņojuma līmeņa datu analīze.

© Reuters/AFOLABI SOTUNDEFILE PHOTO: A dead tree is seen in a polluted mangrove area of Bakana ii camp in the Niger delta area of Okrika, Rivers state

“Mēs sēžam sautējuma katlā un lēnām degam,” sacīja pētījuma līdzautors un globālās bezpeļņas organizācijas “Pure Earth” vadītājs Ričards Fullers. Bet atšķirībā no klimata pārmaiņām, malārijas vai HIV, “mēs neesam pievērsuši (vides piesārņojumam) lielu uzmanību”.

Iepriekšējā darba versijā, kas publicēta 2017. gadā, arī tika lēsts, ka bojāgājušo skaits piesārņojuma dēļ ir aptuveni 9 miljoni gadā jeb aptuveni viens no katriem sešiem nāves gadījumiem visā pasaulē, un izmaksas pasaules ekonomikai ir līdz pat 4,6 triljoniem ASV dolāru gadā. Tas piesārņojumu nostāda vienā līmenī ar smēķēšanu globālo nāves gadījumu skaita ziņā. Salīdzinājumam, Covid-19 kopš pandēmijas sākuma visā pasaulē ir nogalinājis aptuveni 6,7 miljonus cilvēku.

© Reuters/Afolabi SotundeFILE PHOTO: A man sells plantain chips near a bus with smoke seen from its exhaust at a bus park in Abuja

Savam jaunākajam pētījumam, kas publicēts tiešsaistes žurnālā Lancet Planetary Health, autori analizēja 2019. gada datus no Globālā slimību sloga, kas ir vašingtoniešu universitātes pašlaik veikts pētījums, kurā tiek novērtēta vispārējā piesārņojuma iedarbība un aprēķināts mirstības risks.

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FILE PHOTO: Smoke rises from the Duvha coal-based power station owned by state power utility Eskom, in Mpumalanga province
FILE PHOTO: A boy disposes of raw sewage into a stream in the sprawling Kibera slum in Kenya's capital Nairobi

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